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Today in Health & Wellness
HEALTH CONDITIONS

Dyslipidemia

Overview
Risk Factors
Treatment and Management
Doctors to Consult
Overview

Cholesterol is a waxy, fat-like substance made in the liver and other cells and found in certain foods such as dairy products, eggs, and meat. The body needs cholesterol in order to function properly. When too much is present, health problems may develop and this condition is termed as dyslipidemia.

High cholesterol or dyslipidemia is manifested by the elevation of the total cholesterol, the "bad" low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol and the triglyceride concentrations, and a decrease in the "good" high-density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol concentration in the blood.

High cholesterol is associated with an elevated risk of cardiovascular diseases which include:

  • Coronary heart disease
  • Stroke
  • Peripheral vascular disease
  • Diabetes
  • High blood pressure
Symptoms
Risk Factors
  • Gender: After menopause, a woman's LDL cholesterol level ("bad" cholesterol) goes up, as does her risk for heart disease.
  • Age: Men aged 45 years or older and women aged 55 years or older are at increased risk of high cholesterol and heart disease.
  • Family history
  • Diet: The trans fats, saturated fat, and cholesterol in the food you eat raise total and LDL cholesterol levels.
  • Weight: Being overweight can make your LDL cholesterol level go up and your HDL level goes down.
  • Physical activity/exercise: People with sedentary or inactive lifestyle are more likely to suffer from dyslipidemia.
Commonly Prescribed Drugs
Treatment and Management
  • Eat foods with less fat and cholesterol.
  • Take off the skin and fat from meat, poultry, and fish.
  • Broil, bake, roast, or poach instead of frying foods.
  • Eat lots of fruits and vegetables.
  • Get lots of exercises.
  • Lose weight if you are overweight.
  • Stop smoking.
  • Take your high blood cholesterol medication as prescribed by your doctor.
Home Remedies
Doctors to Consult
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