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Today in Health & Wellness
HEALTH CONDITIONS

Appendicitis

Overview
Symptoms
Risk Factors
Commonly Prescribed Drugs
Treatment and Management
Doctors to Consult
Overview

Common Name/Other Name

Apendisitis (Tag.)

The appendix is a small organ attached to the end of the large intestine. There is no known function of the appendix, but recent studies hypothesize that it might be important in the immunity system of the body. Appendicitis is a medical emergency caused by a blockage of appendix resulting in inflammation. If an inflamed appendix is not immediately treated, it can burst and spill infectious contents into the abdomen leading to a serious inflammation. The blockage can be due to thick mucus or stool. It commonly occurs in ages 10 to 30 years old.

The diagnosis of appendicitis is primarily based on the patient’s medical history and physical examination. The usual symptoms are abdominal pain and tenderness. The pain can start in the middle of the upper abdomen or the navel and shift to the lower right of the abdomen after a few hours. The pain usually increases when coughing or moving. A confirmatory diagnosis such as complete blood count can be done to confirm bacterial infection and eliminate similar conditions.

 

 

Symptoms
  • Dull pain on the middle of upper abdomen or the navel that eventually becomes a sharp pain on the lower right of the abdomen
  • Mild fever
  • Loss of appetite
  • Nausea and/or vomiting
  • Abdominal bloating
  • Inability to release gas
  • Painful urination
  • Constipation or diarrhea
Risk Factors
  • Family history of appendicitis
  • Child who has cystic fibrosis
Commonly Prescribed Drugs
  • IV antibiotics such as cephalosporins are given before appendectomy. This is continued if the removed appendix has holes or already burst.
  • Pain relievers can be prescribed for pain after an appendectomy.
Treatment and Management
  • Immediately seek medical attention if you present the symptoms or suspect that you have appendicitis. It is important to get treatment as soon as appendicitis is confirmed.
  • Appendicitis is treated by the surgical removal of the appendix known as appendectomy. Rest after the surgery is important.
  • Drink plenty of fluids and eat fiber to reduce constipation after an appendectomy.
Home Remedies
Doctors to Consult
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