Diarrhea is the frequent passage of loose, watery stools. It develops due to increased intestinal motility, inflammation and ulceration of intestinal mucosa, intestinal ion secretion and increase osmolality. These physiologic mechanisms are the basis of the anti-diarrheal drugs.
Loose, watery stools
Blood, mucus or pus in the stool
Mild fever, headache
Abdominal cramps and distention
Fatigue, muscle ache
Loss of appetite
Nausea and vomiting
Bacterial, viral, parasitic infections
Food or lactose intolerance
Reaction to medicines such as antibiotics, and antacids containing magnesium
Intestinal diseases like inflammatory bowel disease or celiac disease
Maintain proper hand-washing habits and use proper food-handling techniques.
Avoid contaminated food, utensils, or other objects. Food should be cooked properly.
Refrain from unnecessary use of antimicrobial drugs. It destroys the normal flora of the gastro-intestinal thus removing its natural protection against simple infection.
Take proper amount of vitamins (e.g., vitamin A) and minerals such as zinc. Babies should be breastfed to strengthen their immunity. Breast milk contains colostrums and it does not contain allergic substances harmful to babies.
Avoid eating in places with questionable sanitation.
Throw away bulging lids, and leaking canned goods.