Common Name/Other Name
Herpes genitalis is caused by Herpes Simplex Virus (HSV) that affects the male sex organs and female sex organs. It is characterized as blisters or groups of small open sores or ulcers. It is one of the most common sexually transmitted disease and can be passed from one person to another through sexual intercourse.
Herpes Simplex Virus type 1 (HSV-1) causes cold sores or fever blisters around the mouth and can be spread to the genital area during oral sex.
Herpes Simplex Virus type 2 (HSV-2) is the common cause of genital herpes. It spreads through sexual and skin to skin contact. This type of virus is very common and highly contagious.
Having multiple sex partners.
Commonly Prescribed Drugs
There are no current drugs that can eradicate HSV infection, however antiviral drugs (acyclovir, valaciclovir, famciclovir) reduces the pain and lessen sores or lesions in the initial outbreak of the virus. These drugs decrease the frequency and lessen the severity of recurrent infections, which minimize the chance of transmitting the virus to another person. Available in oral and topical preparations.
- Precaution: Renal and hepatic impairment. Pregnant and lactating women. Infants.
- Side effects: Headache, nausea, vomiting, dizziness, skin rashes, gastrointestinal and neurological effects, increased serum bilirubin and liver enzymes.
- Drug interactions: Probenecid, cimetidine, mycophenolate mofetil, high dose of cyclosporine and tacrolimus, other nephrotoxic drugs.