Common name: Conjunctivitis, pink eye (Eng.)
Sore eyes or conjunctivitis is an inflammation of the outermost layer of the eyes (conjunctiva). Conjunctivitis can either be due viral, bacterial or allergic. It is one of the most common eye condition in children and adults.
Commonly Prescribed Drugs
- Antibiotics for the eye have the same mechanisms of action, coverage, and potential for adverse reactions as their systemic counterparts. They are prescribed for conjunctivitis caused by bacteria. Drugs: cetrimide, chloramphenicol, ciprofloxacin, tobramycin, erythromycin, fusidic acid, gatifloxacin, gentamicin, gramidicin, levofloxacin, lomefloxacin, moxifloxacin, neomycin, ofloxacin, oxytetracycline, polymixin B sulfate, tobramycin
- Corticosteroids are indicated in allergic conjunctivitis. Since it can promote the growth of viruses and bacteria, it is contraindicated for infectious conjunctivitis. Prolonged use of corticosteroids may result in glaucoma, defects in visual acuity and fields of vision. Drugs: betamethasone, dexamethasone, fluorometholone, prednisolone
- Decongestants constrict blood vessels and help reduce eye redness. Overuse of topical decongestants can lead to increased swelling and redness ("rebound effect"). Drugs: antazoline, ketorolac, ketotifen, naphazoline, olopatadine, pheniramine, tetrahydrozoline, zinc sulfate