Hi there! Just a quick question...
Hi there! Just a quick question...
x
Thank you for your response
Today in Health & Wellness
HEALTH CONDITIONS

Heartburn

Overview
Symptoms
Risk Factors
Commonly Prescribed Drugs
Treatment and Management
Doctors to Consult
Overview

Common name

Pyrosis, cardialgia, acid indigestion (Eng.)

Heartburn is a burning sensation in the chest, behind the chest bone. Heartburn is also a symptom of Gastro-Esophageal Reflux Disease (GERD) and is caused by acid reflux back into the esophagus.

Symptoms
  • A burning sensation usually felt in the stomach and moves up towards the chest
  • Pain that worsens when bending over or lying flat on the back
  • Regurgitation or a feeling of acid or food moving back up into the esophagus and throat
  • Difficulty swallowing
Risk Factors
  • Smoking
  • Obesity
  • Pregnancy. There is an increase in abdominal pressure in pregnant women.
  • Oral medications such as steroids and anti-asthmatics may increase the risk of acid secretion
  • Diabetes. It directly affects the nerves of the stomach which leads to delayed emptying of the stomach and an increase in acid secretion.
  • Hiatal hernia. A condition wherein part of the stomach pushes upward through the diaphragm which allows contents of the stomach to move freely into the esophagus.
  • Hypercalcemia. This condition leads to an increase in production of gastrin, a hormone that leads to increased acid secretion.
  • Foods that may trigger heartburn such as acidic or citrus foods, caffeinated drinks and alcohol, spicy and fatty food, chocolates, tomatoes, garlic, and onions.
Commonly Prescribed Drugs
  • Antacids helps neutralize stomach acid. Drugs: sodium carbonate, calcium carbonate, aluminum-based antacids, aluminum-magnesium antacids.
  • H2 blockers decrease the amount of acid released in the stomach. Drugs: ranitidine, famotidine, cimetidine
  • Proton pump inhibitors are known for their potent and persistent or long-lasting effect in decreasing gastric acid secretion. Drugs: pantoprazole, omeprazole, rabeprazole, dexlansoprazole, esomeprazole, lansoprazole.
Treatment and Management
  • Smoking cessation
  • Avoidance of alcohol beverages
  • Lose weight
  • Exercise
  • Lessen intake of food that is known to trigger heartburn
  • Eat meals 2 to 3 hours prior to bedtime or before lying down
  • Eat small, frequent meals
  • Eat slowly and chew food well
Home Remedies
Suggested Readings
From Lost and Found, Now Safe and Sound
A year and three months ago, I found a little...read more
Nutrition for Expecting Moms
Being pregnant is such an exciting phase in a woman's...read more
Kiddie BMI Decoded
BMI or Body Mass Index estimates how much fat you...read more
The Ten Steps to Korean-Looking Skin
The Korean craze has slowly won the hearts of many...read more
Copyright © 2020 Medicomm Pacific Inc.
All Rights Reserved.
Follow us:    Facebook    Twitter