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HEALTH HINTS

Common Cold in Children

"Banish that "
By: Ericka PingolCommon Cold in Children

An itchy throat, runny nose and series of non-stop sneezing is a consequences of the common cold. In one point in time, we experience these unfavorable effects of having a common cold. As adults, we try to overcome the common cold to get through our busy days, however for kids, the common cold puts a bigger damper not just in their everyday lives, but to their spirits as well.

Children are more prone to the common cold because their immune system is still developing, as compared to adults they have a harder time overcoming this illness. Of course, as parents you wouldn’t want to see your bundle of joys suffering and helpless from such an illness, and would do anything to help your little ones!

There are many causes as to why common cold occurs. Knowing what causes a common cold is important especially to parents who want their children to have the best possible treatment. According to UptoDate.com, the causes of common cold are:

  • Seasonal patterns — the common cold may occur at any time of year, although most colds occur during colder months.
  • Transmission — Colds are transmitted from person-to-person, either by direct contact or by contact with the virus in the environment.
  • Direct contact — People with colds typically carry the cold virus on their hands, where it is capable of infecting another person for at least two hours. If a child with a cold touches another child or adult, who then touches their eye, nose, or mouth, the virus can later infect that person.
  • Infection from particles on surfaces — some cold viruses can live on surfaces (such as countertops, door handles, or toys) for up to one day.
  • Inhaling viral particles — droplets containing viral particles can be exhaled into the air by breathing or coughing.

The symptoms of common cold are as follow:

  • Runny or stuffy nose
  • Itchy or sore throat
  • Cough
  • Congestion
  • Slight body aches or a mild headache
  • Sneezing
  • Watery eyes
  • Low-grade fever

Treatment and Management

For adults, we tend to endure our common cold tell ourselves that “this too shall pass”, however, for kids it is harder than that.

  • Tell your kid to sing “Happy Birthday to you” twice while washing his hands with soap and warm water to get a thoroughly cleaned hands.
  • If your little bundle of joy caught the cold, make sure you prevent others from catching it.
  • When sneezing, encourage your kid to cover his mouth, use a tissue when blowing his nose.
  • Never give adult medicines to children.
  • Give your child plenty of liquids to increase hydration and help thin mucus.
  • Talk to the pediatrician if your child doesn't get better after a few days.
  • Also call if he has a high fever, vomiting, chills and shakes, a hacking cough, or extreme fatigue.
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