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Today in Health & Wellness
HEALTH CONDITIONS

Allergy in Babies

Overview
Symptoms
Risk Factors
Commonly Prescribed Drugs
Treatment and Management
Home Remedies
Doctors to Consult
Overview

Allergies occur when an infant's immune system wrongfully views certain substances as dangerous and causes over stimulation of the body's defense systems. This leads to allergic reactions which typically involve sneezing, coughing, and itching.

Severe reactions called anaphylactic shock may also occur and is life threatening because it causes difficulty in breathing and severe swelling of the body. Substances that cause allergic reactions are called allergens and may either be food, pollen, medications, animal dander, insects, dust mites, mold, and others.

Symptoms

A child may be experiencing allergies if he or she displays:

  • Cold like symptoms that persist for more than a week to 10 days
  • Runny and stuffy nose (rhinitis)
  • Constant wiping and wiggling of nose
  • Mucus from nose is clear and thin
  • Frequent sneezing
  • Red, watery eyes
  • Breathing thru the mouth
  • Persistent dry cough and wheezing
  • Itchy red skin rashes and flushed skin
  • Hives or welts
  • Face, tongue, or lip swelling
  • Vomiting and/or diarrhea
  • Difficulty breathing
  • Loss of consciousness
Risk Factors
  • Family history
Commonly Prescribed Drugs
  • Anti-histamine drugs
Treatment and Management
  • Allergy shots or immunotherapy
  • Eliminate allergen from the environment immediately. If the allergen is food, remove it from the child's diet. Some allergies go away as the child becomes older.
  • There are no straightforward cures for allergies. However it would be beneficial for parents to use products that can be used as alternatives such as hypoallergenic soaps and shampoos.
Home Remedies
  • Alleviate itchiness by pressing a cold compress against irritated skin
  • Wash beddings once a week to protect your child from dust mites
  • Dusting and vacuuming carpets and refraining from piling up stuffed toys will also lessen dust mites
  • Wash pets frequently
  • During the allergy season, close windows and try to keep child indoors so reduce pollen exposure
  • Use a humidifier and/or air conditioner when the weather is warm and moist
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