Sore throat is an inflammation in the throat that is commonly caused by viruses or bacteria. Sore throats are usually named based on the part affected:
- Pharyngitis is pain and inflammation of the pharynx.
- Tonsillitis typically involves inflammation of the tonsils.
- Laryngitis is pain and inflammation of the larynx. It is often associated with a hoarse voice.
- Croup is a form of laryngitis in children. It tends to be associated with a seal barking-like cough and difficulty inhaling air.
- Epiglottitis is a rare type of sore throat inflammation. The inflamed or swollen epiglottis can obstruct or close off the windpipe. It is a medical emergency, which may be fatal unless promptly treated.
Commonly Prescribed Drugs
Antibiotics given to treat severe sore throat include amoxicillin and cefalexin.
Throat sprays. Examples are preparations containing chamomile extract, peppermint oil, sage oil, pine needle oil, bergamot oil.
Treatment and Management
Usually, a sore throat does not need antibiotics because it heals within days. You only need to see a doctor if the pain or infection is severe or unusual or if it does not disappear within three to four days.
Throat sprays may be used to alleviate pain. They have antiseptic actions and may give soothing sensation to sore throat. Some herbal throat preparations may also help in relieving pain due to their anti-inflammatory, antiseptic, and astringent properties.