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Today in Health & Wellness
HEALTH CONDITIONS

Amebiasis

Overview
Symptoms
Risk Factors
Treatment and Management
Doctors to Consult
Overview

Amebiasis is an infection of the intestines caused by the parasite Entamoeba histolytica. It is acquired through the ingestion of food and water contaminated by infected feces. This condition occurs worldwide, but it is most common in tropical areas with crowded living conditions and poor sanitation.

The infection is transmitted by the fecal-oral route, but it can also be transmitted indirectly through contact with dirty hands or objects as well as by anal-oral contact.

Symptoms
  • Abdominal cramps and tenderness
  • Diarrhea with bloody stools
  • Fatigue
  • Rectal pain while having a bowel movement
  • Unintentional weight loss
  • Fever
  • Vomiting
Risk Factors
  • Poor hygiene and sanitation
  • Recent travel to a tropical or sub-tropical regions
  • Malnutrition
Commonly Prescribed Drugs
Treatment and Management
  • Wash hands thoroughly with soap and hot running water for at least 10 seconds after using the toilet or changing a baby's diaper, and before handling food.
  • Clean bathrooms and toilets often. Pay attention to toilet seats and taps.
  • Avoid raw vegetables when in endemic areas, as they may have been fertilized using human feces.
  • Avoid eating street foods especially in public places where others are sharing sauces in one container.
  • Practice good sanitation.
  • Responsible sewage disposal or treatment are necessary for the prevention of the infection.
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