Cholesterol is a waxy, fat-like substance made in the liver and other cells and found in certain foods such as dairy products, eggs, and meat. The body needs cholesterol in order to function properly. When too much is present, health problems may develop and this condition is termed as dyslipidemia.
High cholesterol or dyslipidemia is manifested by the elevation of the total cholesterol, the "bad" low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol and the triglyceride concentrations, and a decrease in the "good" high-density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol concentration in the blood.
High cholesterol is associated with an elevated risk of cardiovascular diseases which include:
Peripheral vascular disease
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