Common name/Other name
Blood in urine
Hematuria manifests as the presence of blood in the urine. Gross hematuria presents with blood that can be seen by the naked eye. Microscopic hematuria is diagnosed only after observing the urine under the microscope. The cause of hematuria can be nonthreatening or a serious underlying disorder. Some food and medications turn the urine red. This can resolve within a few days. However, the cause of hematuria should be determined by a physician through medical history and diagnostic tests. Urinalysis and other urine diagnostic tests are used to detect the presence of blood and its possible cause.
Problems in the kidneys or urinary tract can cause the leakage of red blood cells into the urine. Urinary tract infections may cause microscopic hematuria. Kidney stones are possible causes of gross and microscopic hematuria. Enlargement or infection of the prostate gland can also cause gross and microscopic hematuria. Inflammation of the kidneys’ filtering system primarily manifests with microscopic hematuria. Gross hematuria is a sign of advanced kidney, bladder or prostate cancer. Injuries on the kidneys such as during an accident or contact sports cause gross hematuria.
The treatment of hematuria depends on the underlying condition that caused it. For example, antibiotics are used for urinary tract infections. If the cause of hematuria is nonthreatening, no treatment is necessary and it resolves on its own after a few days.
Commonly Prescribed Drugs