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Risk Factors
Treatment and Management
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Common name/Other name

Blood in urine

Hematuria manifests as the presence of blood in the urine. Gross hematuria presents with blood that can be seen by the naked eye. Microscopic hematuria is diagnosed only after observing the urine under the microscope. The cause of hematuria can be nonthreatening or a serious underlying disorder. Some food and medications turn the urine red. This can resolve within a few days. However, the cause of hematuria should be determined by a physician through medical history and diagnostic tests. Urinalysis and other urine diagnostic tests are used to detect the presence of blood and its possible cause.

Problems in the kidneys or urinary tract can cause the leakage of red blood cells into the urine. Urinary tract infections may cause microscopic hematuria. Kidney stones are possible causes of gross and microscopic hematuria. Enlargement or infection of the prostate gland can also cause gross and microscopic hematuria. Inflammation of the kidneys’ filtering system primarily manifests with microscopic hematuria. Gross hematuria is a sign of advanced kidney, bladder or prostate cancer. Injuries on the kidneys such as during an accident or contact sports cause gross hematuria.

The treatment of hematuria depends on the underlying condition that caused it. For example, antibiotics are used for urinary tract infections. If the cause of hematuria is nonthreatening, no treatment is necessary and it resolves on its own after a few days.


  • Pink, red or cola-colored urine
  • Pain during urination when blood clots are present
Risk Factors
  • Age. Men older than 50 years old are prone to prostate enlargement
  • Sex. Women are more prone to urinary tract infections while men are prone to kidney stones
  • Family history of kidney disease
  • Taking certain medications. Aspirin, non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, penicillins, rifampicin
  • Strenuous exercise. Common in long-distance runners
Commonly Prescribed Drugs
Treatment and Management
  • Increase fluid intake and minimize consumption of salt to reduce occurrence of urinary tract infections and kidney stone formation.


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