Gastritis is a condition in which the stomach lining is irritated and inflamed. It can be acute (sudden onset and lasts for a short time) or chronic (persists for a long time).
It could also be classified based on its severity:
- Non-erosive gastritis is usually caused by a bacterial infection that makes the stomach lining inflamed. It is less severe than erosive gastritis.
- Erosive gastritis include inflammation and wearing away (erosion) of the stomach lining. This could lead to stomach deep sores, ulcers and bleeding.
Although most patients with gastritis are usually asymptomatic, symptoms that may occur are:
Upper abdominal discomfort or pain
Commonly Prescribed Drugs
Treatment and Management
Treatment includes reduction of digestive acid to relieve symptoms and promote healing of the stomach lining.
- Antacids neutralize digestive acids.
- Histamine 2 (H2) antagonists reduce acid production.
- Proton-pump inhibitors (PPI) decrease acid production more effectively than histamine 2 antagonists.
- Antibiotics such as amoxicillin, tetracycline, metronidazole and clarithromycin are used in Helicobacter pylori eradication therapy. Therapy consists of 10 to 14 days of 2 antibiotics with a proton-pump inhibitor.
Stop taking non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) to treat pain. Switch to other pain relievers not classified under NSAIDs instead.
Avoid foods (spicy, fried or acidic) and beverages (alcoholic or caffeinated) that will irritate the stomach.