Dysentery is an infectious disease characterized by inflammation of the intestines, mainly the colon that can lead to severe diarrhea with visible blood or mucus in the stool. There are two major classifications of dysentery: bacillary and amoebic, caused respectively by bacteria and by amoebas. It is transmitted through the ingestion of food or water that has been contaminated by feces of an infected person or animal.
Commonly Prescribed Drugs
Antibiotics effective in the treatment of bacillary dysentery are ceftriaxone, ciprofloxacin and trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole.
The most common treatment for amoebic dysentery is metronidazole together with diloxanide furoate or idoquinol.
Oral electrolytes or hydrating solutions to replenish lost fluids and electrolytes during diarrhea.