Common Name/Other Name
Varicella (Eng.); bulutong-tubig (Tag.)
Chickenpox is an infection caused by the varicella zoster virus. Patients develop itchy blister-like rashes which first appear on the face and trunk, and then throughout the body. It is highly contagious and can easily spread from person to person by direct contact or through air by coughing or sneezing.
It is infectious 5 days before and 5 days after the appearance of blisters and it takes 10-21 days after contact with an infected person to develop chickenpox.
Commonly Prescribed Drugs
- Chickenpox vaccine. It is prescribed by doctors to patients who are exposed to chickenpox within 3 days to lessen the severity of the disease and prevent potential complications associated to it.
- Immunoglobin treatment. A solution containing VZIG (Varicella-zoster immunoglobulin) that has chickenpox virus antibodies, may be administered to patients at high risk of complications or very severe symptoms, including those with weak immune systems, pregnant women and newborns.
- Antiviral medications. Example is acyclovir, may be prescribed to pregnant women, adults diagnosed early, newborns, and patients with weakened immune system. Antivirals can only be administered within 24 hours of the occurrence of rash.
- Paracetamol or Ibuprofen to reduce pain or fever.
- Oral antihistamines (such as diphenhydramine) to relieve itching.