Hi there! Just a quick question...
Hi there! Just a quick question...
Thank you for your response
Today in Health & Wellness

Cuts and Abrasions

Risk Factors
Commonly Prescribed Drugs
Treatment and Management
Home Remedies
Doctors to Consult

Common Name/Other Name

Skin wound, Grazes and scrapes, Sugat [Fil.]

Abrasion is an open wound caused by superficial damage to the epidermis (topmost layer of the skin). The different degrees of skin abrasion are:

  • First degree abrasion -epidermal injury only
  • Second degree abrasion - affects the epidermis and dermis and may lead to bleeding
  • Third degree abrasion - damage to the subcutaneous layer of the skin and underlying tissues.
  • Bleeding or discharge of pus from the cut or wound
  • Pain
  • Redness, swelling or warmth in the injured area
  • Mild to moderate fever
Risk Factors
  • Falling on a rough surface
  • Cut from a sharp object
  • Children who often play outdoors
  • Delicate skin due to certain illnesses or medications
Commonly Prescribed Drugs
  • Topical antibiotics (polymycin B sulfate, bacitracin, neomycin sulfate) prevent infections and moistens wound. Side effects: Skin irritation, burning sensation, skin allergies.

  • Topical antiseptics (povidone iodine) are used to prevent wound infections. Precaution: Iodine allergy, thyroid problems

  • Topical analgesics (lidocaine, benzocaine) for severe and painful abrasions. Side effects: Redness, itching, and swelling at the application site, allergic reactions. Precaution: Should not be applied to injured or inflamed skin or wound. Patients with severe cardiac, renal and/or hepatic impairment. Avoid contact with eyes.
Treatment and Management
  • Clean wound with water and antibacterial soap and pat dry using a clean cloth; avoid scraping the wound itself while drying. Cover the wound with bandage.

  • Isopropyl alcohol can also be used to clean wounds; however it may cause intense pain or stinging.
Home Remedies
  • Aloe vera has cooling and healing properties that soothe skin wounds. Apply the aloe vera gel to the infected wound.
  • Apply petroleum jelly after cleaning the wound to soothe and moisten dry skin.
Suggested Readings
Men and Cholesterol
Building up cholesterol and plaque inside the arteries of the...read more
Six Summer Stings
Forewarned is forearmed - and so in the summer of...read more
Tooth Sensitivity
Tooth sensitivity, also known as root or dentine hypersensitivity...read more
Homemade chicken poppers with healthy rice
It’s just sad that despite all the good intentions, many...read more
Health Conditions
Copyright © 2020 Medicomm Pacific Inc.
All Rights Reserved.
Follow us:    Facebook    Twitter