Common Name/Other Name
Skin wound, Grazes and scrapes, Sugat [Fil.]
Abrasion is an open wound caused by superficial damage to the epidermis (topmost layer of the skin). The different degrees of skin abrasion are:
First degree abrasion -epidermal injury only
Second degree abrasion - affects the epidermis and dermis and may lead to bleeding
Third degree abrasion - damage to the subcutaneous layer of the skin and underlying tissues.
Commonly Prescribed Drugs
Topical antibiotics (polymycin B sulfate, bacitracin, neomycin sulfate) prevent infections and moistens wound. Side effects: Skin irritation, burning sensation, skin allergies.
Topical antiseptics (povidone iodine) are used to prevent wound infections. Precaution: Iodine allergy, thyroid problems
Topical analgesics (lidocaine, benzocaine) for severe and painful abrasions. Side effects: Redness, itching, and swelling at the application site, allergic reactions. Precaution: Should not be applied to injured or inflamed skin or wound. Patients with severe cardiac, renal and/or hepatic impairment. Avoid contact with eyes.