Cold/s (Eng); sipon (Fil.); kataro (Vis.); sip-on (Ilonggo)
Common cold is an inflammation of the nasal passages caused by any member of respiratory viruses. Cold may also involve the sinuses, ears, and bronchial tubes.
Of about 200 viral strains identified, the most commonly responsible viruses are the rhinoviruses and the corona viruses. Virus particles spread through the air or from person-to-person contact especially hand-shaking. Chilling and getting wet will not cause a cold. A cold is caused by viruses and not by the weather. It is more common when the humidity is low. Cold viruses survive better in cold weather which can cause the lining of the nasal passages to dry, making the cold viruses thrive easily.
Commonly Prescribed Drugs
Decongestants may be used to provide temporary relief of nasal congestion, but use is restricted for 3-5 days especially for topical decongestants because rebound congestion may occur on prolonged use.
Patients taking monoamine oxidase (MAO) inhibitors.
Patients with heart disease, hypertension, diabetes, hyperthyroidism, benign prostatic hypertrophy and narrow-angle glaucoma.
- Antitussives are meant to be used to relieve dry, hacking coughs associated with colds and flu. They should not be used to treat coughs that bring up mucus or the chronic coughs associated with smoking, asthma, emphysema or other lung problems. These should not be given with MAO inhibitors.
- Demulcents such as cough drops or hard menthol candy may soothe an irritated throat and bronchial passages.
- Expectorants and Mucolytics are drugs that loosen and clear mucus and phlegm from the respiratory tract. They may bring some relief from cough symptoms.