Baby colic is caused by various disorders. It is manifested by repeated episodes of excessive crying that cannot be explained. Crying ranges from fussiness and moaning to screaming. The lower intestinal tract most likely is affected.
Crying bouts usually occur in late afternoon or evening.
The infant's abdomen may rumble, and the child may draw up the legs as if in pain.
Most often, no specific disease, such as an ear infection, hernia, allergy, or urinary infection, can be detected.
Physical pain or emotional upset.
Air swallowed during crying, feeding or sucking on hands or fingers
Restlessness or insufficient sleep
Milk that is too hot
Overfeeding or hunger
Commonly Prescribed Drugs
Treatment and Management
Evaluate the baby's formula. Babies may not like a certain formula or may be allergic to an ingredient in the formula
Make sure your baby is fed properly. Colic can be caused by the baby being fed too quickly or too slowly. It should take around 20 minutes for your baby to finish a bottle
Burp your baby frequently. Gas can lead to colic, so take time to burp your baby several times throughout a feeding. Interrupt each feeding a couple of times, burp the baby, and then burp the baby again at the end of the feeding.
Moms should avoid smoking if they have a new baby (and of course, during pregnancy).
Babies with colic can be soothed by pacifiers, distracting "white noise" (e.g. irregular humming sound such as a that of a vacuum cleaner), and rocking
To treat colic, the root cause, underlying problem, precipitating/contributing event should be identified first.
If you are worried of your baby's symptoms, see a doctor.