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Today in Health & Wellness
HEALTH CONDITIONS

Acid Dyspepsia

Overview
Symptoms
Risk Factors
Commonly Prescribed Drugs
Treatment and Management
Doctors to Consult
Overview

Common Name

Indigestion; Hyperacidity

Hyperacidity or acid dyspepsia simply means the increase of acidity in the stomach. The human stomach secretes the hydrochloric acid which is necessary for the digestion of food. When the stomach contains an excessive amount of hydrochloric acid, then it will lead to hyperacidity or acid dyspepsia.

Sometimes, hyperacidity is confused for a simple bellyache. This is because people with hyperacidity usually generally get pains in their stomachs with similar symptoms as bellyaches. This confusion is more rampant in children who cannot differentiate between different kinds of stomach ailments.

Symptoms
  • Steady pain of varying duration in the upper abdomen
  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Sour belching
  • Abdominal distension or 'bloating'
  • Flatulence (burping, belching)
  • Vomiting of blood or blood in stools
Risk Factors
  • Eating of foods and beverages that stimulate hydrochloric acid secretion (spicy, fatty and acidic food, meat, fish, alcohol, coffee, tea and carbonated beverages)
  • Heavy smoking
  • Irregular eating habits or overeating
  • Prolonged ingestion of anti-inflammatory drugs (e.g., NSAIDs)
  • Depression or Stress
  • Family history of ulcer
Commonly Prescribed Drugs
  • H2 Receptor antagonists (H2RAs) work by reducing stomach acid. Side effects: Nausea, rash or itching, headache
  • Prokinetics are given for slow metabolism. They enhance the muscle action or motility of the digestive tract. Side effects: spasms, fatigue, anxiety/depression
  • Proton-pump inhibitors (PPIs) are stronger than H2RAs. They work by reducing the acid in the stomach. PPIs are prescribed if the indigestion is accompanied by heartburn. Side effects: Nausea, cough, headache, backache
  • Antibiotics are prescribed if the cause is due to H. pylori.
Treatment and Management

Lifestyle Modification

  • Avoid smoking or chewing tobacco.
  • Consume coffee, carbonated drinks, spicy and fatty foods in moderation.
  • Limit alcohol intake.
  • Eat several small meals a day at regular intervals.
  • Learn to relax and condition self to cope with stressful situations.
  • Curb NSAID use. Consult a doctor for possible alternatives.
Home Remedies
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