Continuous sneezing, watery eyes, and runny nose are just some of the symptoms of common cold. Adults have it easier when it comes to the treatment and management of this illness. For children, however, the common cold can be a tough act to fight.
A cold is an illness caused by a tiny, living thing called a virus. More than 200 types lead to your misery, but the most common one is the rhinovirus, which brings on 10% to 40% of colds. Kids who are preschool age have around nine colds a year, while kindergartners can have 12 a year. Adolescents and adults get about two to four a year.
Signs and Symptoms
When a child starts feeling uneasy with signs of an irritated sore throat, a cold might follow, other symptoms of common cold are:
stuffy or a runny nose (may start out watery, then turn thick yellow or green)
itchy or a sore throat
loss of appetite
Managing common cold
Your kid can get sick when he touches objects that a person with the common cold also touched. Some of the common carriers of cold are door knobs, keyboards, TV remotes, etc. The virus can live in these carriers for several hours. Having the best management for cold will help your child against this illness.
Proper hygiene. The best defense against the common cold is washing our hands. Encourage your kid to wash his hands while singing “Happy Birthday” twice. Wash his hands with a mild soap and warm water, this will result to thoroughly cleansed hands.
Cover the mouth when sneezing. Encourage your child to cover his mouth with a tissue or handkerchief when sneezing. Always make sure that child has tissue or handkerchief he can also use when blowing his nose.
Liquid for hydration. Always make sure that your child takes plenty of liquid to increase his hydration and help this mucus.
Rest and recover. Missing a few days of school can be a result of having a common cold. Let your kid have enough time to rest and recover even if it means he needs to skip a few days of school. This will also prevent others from catching a cold.
Give medicine specifically for kids. Only give your kid cold medicine designed for children. Never give adult medicine to children, using child-specific medicines is advised for your kid’s better relief.
Consult a doctor. If your child doesn’t get better after a few days of suffering from cold, make sure to get him an appointment to a pediatrician. Consult with a doctor if he has a high fever, vomiting, chills and shakes, a hacking cough, or extreme fatigue. These may be signs of something more severe, like the flu.