Performance-enhancing drugs are used mostly for their positive effects on athletes. The benefits, however, are often outweighed by the risks that come with their use or abuse.
● The use of performance-enhancing drugs can lead to addiction. Some of the drugs used by athletes are illegal because they are highly-addictive. Other PEDs are controlled drugs for the same reason. Using these drugs to enhance an athlete’s performance gives positive results, reinforcing their use.
● The illegal or prohibited use of performance-enhancing drugs can lead to needle sharing. About 5 percent of athletes share needles. More frequently reported are the reuse of needles and the use of drugs from a shared vial. Participants complain of abscess formation, fever, and scarring.
● The use of anabolic drugs can lead to “roid rage” or aggression, as well as psychotic or depressive traits, which occurs in a small percentage of athletes.
● Research on illicit performance-enhancing drugs results in misinformation. Since there are no legal guidelines in the use of such drugs, athletes resort to seeking the advice of friends and colleagues who have inadequate knowledge of PEDs. This results in misinformation, leading to considerable health risks.
● The significance of sports in society may be weakened by the use of performance-enhancing drugs. Using PEDs defeats the core purpose of sports, which is to highlight the different natural skills of man.
● The long-term harmful effects of PEDs are varied and many—and death is one of them. PED users sometimes choose to ignore the risks of using PEDs as long as they get the benefits. The use of performance-enhancing drugs is difficult to monitor. It opens the doors to more drug abuse and misuse and endangers the health of athletes.